BLTC Press Titles

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Through the Looking Glass

Lewis Carroll

The Fairy Tale of the Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Thomas Carlyle, Rudolf Steiner

The Revolt of the Netherlands

Friedrich Schiller

My Man Jeeves

P. G. Wodehouse

A logical analysis of the Epistle of Paul to the Romans

by Charles Ferme


1. " Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ,"—the person saluting, who is described by the adjunct of his function and office, first generally—" a servant," then particularly—he is " an apostle." This apostleship of Paul is described by its object—he is a servant or apostle " of the Lord Jesus Christ;" then by its efficient cause— it was not assumed by himself, but he was "called" to the apostleship by the calling of God, separated to preach the gospel of God. His calling Paul explains by a definition; for the calling of Paul to the apostleship is ' his separation to preach the gospel of God concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord :' a definition which is made up of the genus, the calling is ' the separation of the person called;' and the end for the specific difference—' to preach the gospel.'

2. " Which he had promised before through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures." A digression explanatory of the gospel of God, which is described by the adjunct of the promises going before, of which the prophets were the instrumental cause, and the holy Scriptures the subject place.*

3. u Concerning hi3 Son." Here we have a second illustration of the gospel from its subject, which is, the Son of God. He is described, first, by his human nature, and its material cause—he

[* Or place where (they are to be found.)]

was ' made flesh of the seed of David;' secondly, from his divine nature—' he is the Son of God;' this is demonstrated from its effect—' his powerful resurrection from the dead,' which is also explained by its cause—' his own sanctifying spirit.'

4. " (Namely), Jesus Christ our Lord." A third illustration of the Son of God from his names and titles. Of these, the first is taken from his effect* in saving us—he is " Jesus," (Matt. i. 21); the second from the adjunct of his anointing—he is " Christ ;" and the third, from the dominion procured by him as the author of our redemption—he is our " Lord."

5. " Through whom we have received grace and apostleship." In these words we have a fourth illustration of the Son, from his effects in the case of Paul, or the benefits conferred on him; he gave him the grace of preaching the gospel, and the apostleship, by which he was authorised to exercise that grace, and to preach the gospel. " For obedience to the faith among all nations for his name." He explains the grace and apostleship conferred on Paul by its twofold end. Of these the first is—" obedience to the faith," which is illustrated by its subject—" among the nations." The second and more remote end is—the ' glorifying of the name of Christ' through that obedience ; or the name of Christ is put for Christ, the object of the grace of the faith preached among the nations : for there is no other name, (Acts iv. 12.)

6. "Among whom are ye also." He applies the end of his apostleship to the Romans in this way : The apostleship has been given to me for obedience to the faith among the nations : ' But you are among the nations, therefore also for obedience to the faith among you.' " The called by Christ Jesus," a setting forth and subjoined explanation of those Romans for whose obedience to the faith the apostle has said that the grace of the apostleship had been given to him. They are " the called," not merely by

[* i.e., what was effected or done (by him.)] external ministration, but by Jesus Christ," that is inwardly and effectually. Thus far of the person saluting.

7. " To all that are in Rome;"—the persons saluted, viz., the Romans, who are described by the adjuncts of the love of God towards them, their calling and saintship. " Grace be to you and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ." The third part of the salutation, containing a prayer, in which he invokes upon the Romans the blessings of grace and peace from their causes and authors—" God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ."

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