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A specimen of Persian poetry, or, Odes of Hafez

by Ḥāfiẓ

Excerpt:

IVcli, the Arab, adversative, conjunction but.

Eftadi4, 3d person pret. sing, of eftadcn, to fall, fall out, happen, &c. it is pronounced eftadi by poetic licence, on account of the measure.

Mushhelha, difficulties. Mushkel signisies both difficult and a difficulty: ha marks the plural of inanimate nouns. See Jones's Gram. p. 22. Though this noun is in the plural, it here agrees with the verb in the singular : an idiom borrowed from the Arabians,

£))y^ lS} J to Jhew the face, tc appear before. W.

^j^l^jj to fall out, to happen, to arrive; hence, i^>\ a nightingale, who

comes at a certain season. Thus XOXXVySC are the grost or green sigs of the ca~ prifici arboris, because they come with the cuckows, and the mango-sish is so called, because it is in season with the mango-fruit. W.

5 Thus in the Greek syntax we have the rule, Neutra plwaUa gaudent verbosiugulari; and in the Latin it is elegant to fay,

Quern juvat clamor, .galeæque Ievcs; Hor. Od. I. 2. v. 38. and Od. III. 11. 50. . Dum favet nox et Venus.

Gratia, fama, valetudo contingat abunde. Hor. Ep, I. 4. v. 10. the verb is not in the singular number merely on account of the metre. W.

iSy~

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Bebui nTisci kakhcr seba zSn turre bukfliayed
1 1 *

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 ^

Zetaht jadt mujhkincfli die khun eftadt dcr dilha
1 1 1

12 3 4

In hopes of the perfume which at length the Zephyr shall

7 5 6

diffuse from that forehead,

8' 11 9 10 8 12 13 14

From her waving musky ringlets, how much blood will flow

16 16

into our hearts.

The Persian ladies are very sond of musk; their hair particular!}1, which U -woven into tresses, and put up with singular art, being, in general, highly perssumed •with it; the poet theressore compares his mistress's locks to a bag of musk, and the Zephyr to a dealer in that precious perssume, whom he suppofes to be so much delighted in undoing her tresses, and loading himselfwith his fragrant merchandize, that he would be flow in wasting the sweet-scented odour to her numerous admirers, who must consequently be inflamed with such anxipus expectation and desire, that their blood would flow back into their, hearts. This high flown oriental imagery seems to allude to the sollowing circumstance in natural history: The musk deers or goats are sound in great numbers in Persia, Tartary, India, &c. and shed every year a bag of musk, which, according to the naturalists, is'sormed iu a kind of bladder under the belly of the animal, by the blood dropping into it, when put into a more rapid circulation from sear, desire, or any other strong emotion. The musk of Khotcn or Tartary is in the highest esteem, and is often mentioned by the Persian poets.

c Bebui.

Bebui6. Bui is written either with or without the sinal jj as are manj of the Persian substantives that end in two vowels. This word generally signisies smell, odour, &c» hut as it is sometimes also translated hope, that sense is. preferred here on account of the allusion, as is more fully explained in the note. ^ be presixed to but is the inseparable preposition in, with, for, &c.

Nafei, a bag of musk. This character * which is called Hamza, over the sinal e is of the fame nature with sollowing other letters, both implying unity, and answering to a otvne in English. See Jones's Gram. pp. 11. 18. 21.

Kakher, which at length, compounded of / for/, which. and akher, at length.

Seba7, the Zephyr, properly the wind, which, in Persia, blows from the east at the dawn of day; but generally used by the poets to express a gentle gale breathing from the abode of a mistress.


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