BLTC Press Titles


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Darby O'Gill and the Little People

Hermenie Templeton Kavanagh


Some Experiences of an Irish R. M.

Edith Somerville and Martin Ross


The Revolt of the Netherlands

Friedrich Schiller


The Bhagavad Gita

Anonymous


A voyage to North-America

by Pierre-François-Xavier de Charlevoix

Excerpt:

Spanish Settlements. I/lands of Cuba, Hifpaniola an*

PqrtoRico. , 29a

SECT. III. fbe French Settlements. Hifpaniola. 293

SECT. IV. Martinico, Guadeloupe, and other French Islands. 299

SECT. V.

Dutch and Danish Settlements.
SECT.

300

VI.

British Settlements. Jamaica. 304

SECT. VII.

Barbadoes. 315

SECT. VIII.

St. Christopher'/. Antigua, Nevis, Montserrat; their present condition and force. 319

S E C T. IX. •

Os Granada, the Granadilloes, St. Vincent, Dominica and Tobago. 321

S E C T. X.

Tbe Trade of Mexico. Some account of that city. The affairs of Apaculco, and La Vera Cruz. Thejlota, regijjler shtps and Galleons. 332

SECT. XI.

Of the nature of Sugar, and the manner of manufacturing it; Planters in the West-Indies ; their way of life and management of their Affairs. The Negroes. 329

SECT. XII.

Observations on the settlement of the West-Indies. Aa\ vantages there for tempers prejudicial at horne. Æ<zA tempers not always noxious in every fense. 333

Preliminary Discourse

ON THE

ORIGIN

OF THE

AMERICANS.

\J\ FTER reading almost every Thing that has been /A writ on the Manner in which America might have been peopled, we seem to be just where we were before this great and interesting Question began to be agitated; notwithstanding, it would require a moderate Volume to relate only the various Opinions of the learned on this Subject. For most Part of them have given so much into the marvellous, almost all of them have. built their Conjectures on Foundations so ruinous, or have had recourse to certain Resemblances of Names, Mariners, Customs, Religion and Languages, so very frivolous, which it would, in my Opinion j be as iiseless to refute, as it is impossible to reconcile with each others

It is not, perhaps, to be wondered at, that those who have first treated this matter should wander in a Way which had not as yet been marked out, and in which they must travel without a Guide. But what I am surprised at is, that those who have gone deepest into this Affair, and

Vol. I. B who

who have had the Advantage of Helps beyond all those who have gone before them, should have been guilty of still greater Mistakes, which at the fame Time they might easily have avoided, had they kept to a small Number of certain Principles, which some have established with sufficient Judgment. The simple and natural Consequences they ought to have drawn from them, would have been, in my Opinion, sufficient to fatisfy and determine the Curiosity of the Publick, which this unseasonable and erroneous Display of Erudition throws back into its original Uncertainty. This is what I flatter myself I shall be able to make appear, by that small Portion of these Conjectures which I am now going to relate.

Those of our Hemisphere were, no Doubt, much surprized, when they were told of the Discovery of a new World in the other, where they imagined nothing was to be seen, but an immense and dangerous Ocean. [Notwithstanding, scarce had Chrijlopher Columbus found out some Islands, and among others that of [Jispaniola, in which he discovered Gold Mines, but he was presently of Opinion, sometimes that this was the Opbir of Solomon, and at others the Zipangri, or the Cipango of Mark Pol the Venetian. Vatablus and Rohert Stephens were likewise persuaded, that it was to America that Solomon sent Fleets in quest of Gold, and Columbus thought he faw the Remains of his Furnaces in the Mines of Cibas, by much the finest and richest of the Island of Hispaniola, and perhaps of all the new World!


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