BLTC Press Titles

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The Characters of Theophrastus


Novalis Including Hymns to the Night

Novalis, George MacDonald, Thomas Carlyle

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes

A. Conan Doyle

Paradoxes of the Highest Science

Eliphas Levi

An account of the principal pleasure tours in England and Wales

by England


What claims most attention is the magnificent hospital founded by King William III. for aged and disabled seamen; a description of this structure with its arrangements would fill a volume.

In the parts immediately adjoining the town are some very fine trees. The longitudes are measured from Greenwich Observatory, as stated on all our maps and charts.

After leaving Greenwich, the road passes onward through a well cultivated country, and at the fifteenth mile reaches Dartford, a place of considerable trade, containing between three and four thousand inhabitants. Soon after cross the Darent, a stream rising on the borders of Surrey, which, before joining the Thames, becomes navigable under the name of Dartford Creek.

The next place of importance is Gravesend, twentyone miles, a town considered as the limit of the port of London. Here outward bound ships are obliged to lie till visited by custom-house officers. The inhabitants, are principally employed in the shipping. Vegetables are raised in the neighbourhood in great quantities; there are also chalk pits of great magnitude. Flint stones are got for the potteries,

EOCHESTER, 28 MILKS. . ., ,.

After the 28th mile, cross the river Medway, when you reach Rochester, a corporate town, containing a numerous population chiefly employed in the shipping trade. Rochester is not a town of a large size,

RochesterThe River Medway.

but when viewed in connection with the adjacent ones of Chatham and Stroud, is rather a considerable one. The Castle of Rochester, seated on the banks of the river, adds much to its dignity and appearance. According to Mr Gilpin, it is one of the most curious structures in England. It was built in the eleventh or twelfth century, by Bishop Gundulph, whose name it bears; and the architecture does him honour. The religious in those days were architects, priests, physicians, and legislators. The cathedral of Rochester is a pile of no magnificence, but it exhibits some rich and elegant Saxon architecture. The Medway, when viewed from, the bridge, is, perhaps, one of the grandest sights in England, especially when the tide is rising.

The tourist who delights in river scenes may walk as far as Frimsburg, about a mile, where he will have a view of the Medway, for many leagues, winding its course to join its waters with the Thames. What a scene was exhibited here in 166? —the Dutch fleet, under De Ruyter, entering the Medway, bursting the chain thrown across the river, storming Upnore Castle, and burning aix large ships of the line, that lay unfinished and unrigged in the different parts of the river.

From some stations on the banks of the river, the

Medway exhibits the appearance of a lake adorned with

islands. , 4;!

-> • .. :..«-:


At 30 miles from London stands Chatham, a large town, containing a numerous population. It is celebrated for its great naval arsenal and docks. The dock-yard is of immense extent, and some of the largest ships in the navy have been built here. When a


French invasion was threatened in 1758, an act passed for erecting the works, called the lines, within which all the naval establishments were received. Since that time, many new works have been added.

Sittingbourne, at 40 miles from London, is a corporate town in Kent, and contains some good inns; the Red Lion is noted for a breakfast given to King Henry V. and his train, on then- arrival from France.

Canterbury, 55£ miles from London, is the first inland town in Kent, distinguished as the metropolitan see of all England. This honour it acquired in 597, on the conversion to Christianity of Ethelbert, King of Kent, and has maintained the primacy ever since.

The cathedral, as now existing, is a magnificent edifice, exhibiting beauties of different styles of Gothic architecture. It contains monuments of prelates and ether distinguished persons, among whom are those of King Henry IV. and the Black Prince. The famous Thomas-a-Becket, whom superstition afterwards made a saint, was murdered here.

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