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Through the Looking Glass

Lewis Carroll

Esoteric Buddhism

A. P. Sinnett

The Art of Worldly Wisdom

Baltasar Gracian

The Count of Monte Cristo

Alexandre Dumas

Antiquities of the Jews

by William Brown



The Mountain of the Lord's House.

Its enclosing wall, and the surrounding objects. Mount Moriah, its situation, meaning of the name, dimensions of that part of it which belonged to the temple, in cubits and English acres: a traveller's account of it. The wall that surrounded the Mountain of the Lord's House ; its height; the gates in] it, viz.:—Shushan or the King's gate, the gates of Huldab, Asuppim, Parbar, the gate Coponius, the VOL. I. D

gate Tedi: the origin of their names ; their size and situation; the number of porters stationed at each. The tower Antonia, its situation, size, and use. The principal objects that were seen from each of these gates, viz.:—The valley and brook Kidron, Mount of Olives, (a Sabbath day's journey ascertained,) Bethany, the valley of Tophet, its execrable worship, Bethphage, Gethsemane, the city of Jerusalem, pool of Siloam or Bethesda, the Potter's Field, Millo. The king's gardens, Mount Zion, the royal buildings, the causeway from Zion to the temple, Calvary, the holy sepulchre, the rock that was rent, Absalom's pillar:—a particular description of all these.

In attending to the map of Jerusalem, there are three eminences which particularly attract our notice: Acra, on the south, on which the city was built; Zion, on the north, where was the palace, or city of David; and Moriah, in the middle, bnt inclining to the east in such a manner, as that all of them formed a right-angled triangle, of which Moriah is the right angle. Of all these eminences, Acra was originally the highest, but it was much levelled by the Asmonoean princes, on account of the injuries which the worshippers, going to the temple, received from a fort that was built upon it," and the rubbish was taken to help to fill up the valley that lay between it and the temple.b

The first notice we have of Moriah in history, is in Gen. xxii. 2, where God commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son upon it; and its name is differently explained by commentators. Some make it to signify " the Lord will be visible," in allusion to what was experienced by Abraham before he left it; or to Christ, who was afterwards to be seen upon it: and others, " the instruction of the Lord," either because it was the best informed portion of the land of Canaan, with respect to re

» Prideaux Connect. A A C. 168.142. k Joseph. Ant. xiii. 6.

ligious knowledge, being under the government of Melchizedec ; or because from thence, under the Mosaic economy, the law went forth for the instruction of Israel. The most literal meaning, however, of Moriah, or Merie, mo. is " the bitterness of Jehovah," or " the myrrh of Jehovah," because myrrh is bitter ; but how to explain it of the mountains around Jerusalem is not so easy. Perhaps it referred, either to some warlike expedition before Abraham's time, in which the country had been ravaged, and griefs of no common kind had been occasioned ; the bitterness of Jehovah meaning, in the Hebrew idiom, " a very great bitterness;" or it may be, that it related only to the productions for which the country around Jerusalem was famed—" the myrrh of Jehovah," meaning, in the same idiom, excellent myrrh. Yet, whatever truth there may be in either of these suppositions, the fact is certain, that the bitterness of Jehovah, God-man the mediator, was afterwards experienced on these very mountains : for the garden of Gethsemane, in which he suffered such dreadful agony, was on one of them ; the places where he was mocked, scourged, and condemned were on another; and Calvary, where (while crucifying him) they offered him wine mingled with myrrh,a was on a third. For though the term Moriah was afterwards confined to the individual hill on which the temple was built, it originally comprehended the several mountains that are round about Jerusalem. Hence, God said to Abraham,b " take thy son, thine only son, Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get

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