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Paradoxes of the Highest Science

Eliphas Levi

Shakti and Shakta

John Woodroffe

Leaves of Grass

Walt Whitman

Esoteric Buddhism

A. P. Sinnett

Cakes, cake decorations and desserts

by Charles Henry King


Ornamental Confectionery is, in the main, made up of designs and ornamentations, to which there is practically no limit to the inventive mind. The materials used are principally sugar in various forms, such as various kinds of Icings, Meringues, Spun Sugar, etc., and which, excepting Spun Sugar, are formed into designs by the art known as Piping. This consists in forcing icing through an opening in a paper cone or cornet, so guiding said cone that it follows the tracings of a design, covering it with icing in lines, dots, curves, scrolls, leaves, flowers, etc., etc., until a complete design is the result. What is known as Icing and Piping is simply first covering an article or cake with icing, called Frosting, then decorating it with icing by means of the cone; said decoration is called Piping. Many other forms of ornamentation, in addition to the aforementioned Icing and Piping, can be produced and made to assume an entirely different appearance by the judicious addition of citron, glace fruits, fruit jellies, and in fact almost any article that is attractive and edible, all of which will be described under their respective headings.

Before explaining what may be called the chart, it is necessary to state that those practicing it must be provided with icing, prepared as herein directed. It will be in order to state also that while good work can be done with paper cones or cornets, it is best to use metal tubes, as they retain their shape for an indefinite time, while paper cones soon get soft, lose their shape, and become useless. Metal tubes cost but little, and are procurable at any confectioners' supply store.

On Diagram No. I is given a sketch of a selected dozen of said metal tubes, which will suffice for all ordinary forms of this class of ornamentation; and from these the learner can select six which will answer to execute the simple forms here given. These six consist of G, K, 0, H, P, I; when these forms are learned, the other six may be added. A confectioner uses a rubber bag for holding the icing, cutting off the point, so as to allow the tube to protrude half its length. In this case, the operator can use the paper cone or cornet as if it were a rubber bag, cutting the point to receive the tube in the same manner as the

rubber bag. Some confectioners use the cone or cornet only for these simple shapes.

Being prepared with the paper cone or cornet, the operator must thoroughly examine the chart for the purpose of determining what parts must be first executed, or unsatisfactory results will follow. For example, suppose a circle of dots enclosing some crosslining (see centre of Design C). If the dots were put on first the cross-lining could not be added without the ends showing, but if the cross-lines were put on first, then the addition of the circle of dots would cover them up. Or suppose a bunch of grapes lying partly on its leaves, the leaves must be put on first, then the grapes. This applies to all lines, scrolls, curves, etc., overlaying cross-lines or anything of a like nature. If this is studied out in the execution of this chart, it will be easy for the operator to follow it in any design.

This matter having been determined, the operator may now practice on the chart. Place it on a level table and lay a sheet of glass over it, and, with the cone or cornet of icing, follow out the design which shows through the glass. When gone over once, remember any mistakes; then remove the glass and clean it. The icing on it, not being dirty, may be used for many purposes. Again place the glass over the chart, and continue reproducing the design as many times as desired; then renew the practice the next day, and so continue until perfect. Then the operator may sketch the six simple designs, A, B, C, D, E, F, here given, and when able to execute them, original designs may be sketched on paper, then placed under the glass, and executed in like manner.

All the work on the chart may be executed with the small and medium sizes of plain round tubes, or with the paper cones or cornets with the points cut to leave openings of these sizes. £^ Qjj^ The leaf shape may be produced by cutting the point of the cornet or cone off to leave an opening about this size Q then cutting it this shape fl^T*V and the star so. The shapes P and I li^f ■ cannot be satisfactorily cut in paper ^^^^j and must be

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