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Through the Looking Glass

Lewis Carroll

Darby O'Gill and the Little People

Hermenie Templeton Kavanagh

The Secret Doctrine, Volume I Cosmogenesis

H. P. Blavatsky

The Souls of Black Folk

W. E. B. DuBois

Course of Hebrew study

by Moses Stuart



Exodus xn.

(37) isD'l , from s?3, Dagh. omitted in the D , 73. Note. 3; and [the children of Israel] marched, proceeded. The priinitive meaning of sD3 is, to pluck out, pull out, etc.; in particular is it applied to pulling up the stakes or pins, by which the tents of the Nomades were fastened to the earth, and which was done by way of preparing for migration to another place. Hence the secondary meaning of 503, as in the case before us, viz. marching, proceeding, going forth or away etc.—CDj^na , from Rameses. Rosenmueller understands this of the province of Rameses. But there are strong objections to this; for this province was the same as Goshen, comp. Gen. 47: 11 with Gen. 45: 10. 46: 28, 29, 34. 47: 1, 4, 27. 50: 8. Ex. 8: 22. 9: 26. By comparing Gen. 45: 10 with 1 Chron. 7: 21, it will be seen that Goshen, or the district of country which the posterity of Jacob dwelt in, was of large extent; see in Exc. II. On the contrary, here Rameses is evidently the particular place of rendezvous, from which the Hebrew caravan when collected first set out. See Exc. IV.

nnbo, to Succoth, tent-place. See in Exc. IV.—''ban, footmen, or as we say, infantry; the word 'b^l being applied in Hebrew only to footmen in the military sense, as distinguished from cavalry or horsemen. The like number of footmen, one year after the journey of the Israelites had commenced, is mentioned in Num. 11: 21. The present sum, (as is very common in the Scriptural writers), is given in round numbers. The exact military census is given in Num. 2: 32, at 603,550, exclusive of the Levites who were not numbered. If then we suppose those capable of military service, to have constituted one fifth part of the whole number, (which is making a large allowance, as one sixth is the more common ratio), then must the Hebrews have amounted to more than three millions, at the time when they left Egypt.

It will be noticed, that no mention is here made of cavalry; and it is plain that the Israelites had none among their ranks. Ou this account, Pharaoh might have well calculated, that his ' horsemen and chariots,' although probably very much inferior to the Hebrew footmen in respect to numbers, would be amply sufficient to annoy them, and arrest their progress out of Egypt. We cannot well suppose, that the tyrannical monarch of Egypt would have permitted the existence of cavalry, among the enslaved and discontented Israelites.

D^-laSn , Tihltoi, full-grown men, adults.

'But how was it possible, that the seventy persons who went down with Jacob to Egypt, should have become three millions, in the space of 215 years at the utmost?'

That the sojourn of the Hebrews in Egypt, after Jacob went down to reside there was only 215 years, has been argued from the following data. If we suppose that the whole 430 years residence there, Ex. 12: 40, is to be reckoned from the time that Abraham first went down to Egypt, as related in Gen. Xh; then, (1) From the time of this descent of Abraham, to the birth of Isaac, is 25 years, Gen. 12: 4 comp. with Gen. 17: 1, 21. (2) Jacob was born when Isaac was 60 years old, Gen. 26: 26. (3) Jacob was 130 years old, when he went down to Egypt, Gen. 47: 9. The amount of these sums of years is 215; and these subtracted from the 430 years' residence of the Hebrews in Egypt, Ex. 12: 40, leave 215 years for their residence in Egypt, after the descent of Jacob.

If now we suppose the Hebrews to have doubled once in 20 years, during their abode in Egypt, then taking only 70 persons,

No. i. 9

Gen. 46: 27, vve shall find the amount (excepting1 a mere fraction) to be, 143,860, as there are nearly 11 series of the number 20 in 215. But this calculation would be very much too small. Nothing can be plainer than that the whole of Jacob's family are not included in this enumeration, comp. Gen. 46: 26. How many servants belonged to Jacob's retinue, or how large was the progeny of his sons who were descended from concubines, evidently is not a matter of reckoning in Gen. 46: 26, 27; neither are the females in general at all reckoned. Of course, more than one half of the whole number is not included in the number seventy.

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