BLTC Press Titles

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The Story of Doctor Dolittle

Hugh Lofting

The Souls of Black Folk

W. E. B. DuBois

The Bhagavad Gita


Vanity Fair

William Thackery


by Thomas Carlyle


fore, at Holton, a country parish in

those parts, there is this still legible in the old church register, — intimately interesting to some friends of ours !" Henry Ireton, Commissary-General to Sir Thomas Fairfax, and Bridget, daughter to Oliver Cromwell, Lieutenant-General of the Horse, to the said Sir Thomas Fairfax, were married, by Mr. Dell, in the Lady Whorwood her house in Holton, June 15th, 1646. — Alt Ban Eales, Rector."

Ireton, we are to remark, was one of Fairfax's commissioners on the treaty for surrendering Oxford, and busy under the walls there at present. Holton is some five miles east of the city; Holton House, we guess, by various indications, to have been Fairfax's own quarter. Dell, already and afterwards well known, was the general's chaplain at this date. Of "the Lady Whorwood" I have traces, rather in the royalist direction ; her strong moated house, very useful to Fairfax in those weeks, still stands conspicuous in that region, though now under new figure and ownership; drawbridge becomes fixed, deep ditch now dry, moated island changed into a flower-garden; — "rebuilt in 1807." Fairfax's lines, we observe, extended "from Headington Hill to Marston," several miles in advance of Holton House, then "from Marston," across the Cherwell, "and over from that to the Isis on the north side of the city" ; southward, and elsewhere, the besieged, "by a dam at St. Clement's Bridge, had laid the country all under water ": in such scenes, with the treaty just ending, and general peace like to follow, did Ireton welcome bis bride, — a brave young damsel of twenty-one, escorted, doubtless, by her father, among others, to the Lord General's house, and there, by Rev. Mr. Dell, solemnly handed over to new destinies I


HE trial of Charles Stuart falls not to be described in this place: the deep meanings that lie in it cannot be so much as glanced at here. Oliver Cromwell attends in the High Court of Justice at every session except one; Fairfax sits only in the first. Ludlow, Whalley, Walton, names known to us, are also constant attendants in that high court during that long-memorable month of January, 1649. The king is thrice brought to the bar; refuses to plead, comports himself with royal dignity, with royal haughtiness, strong in his divine right; "smiles" contemptuously, "looks with an

austere countenance"; does not seem, till the very last, to have fairly believed that they would dare to sentence him. But they were men sufficiently provided with daring; men, we are bound to see, who sat there as in the presence of the Maker of all men, as executing the judgments of Heaven above, and had not the fear of any man or thing on the earth below. Bradshaw said to the king, "Sir, you are not permitted to issue out in these discoursings. This court is satisfied of its authority. No court will bear to hear its authority questioned in that manner. Clerk, read the sentence!"

And so, under date, Monday, 29th January, 1648-9, there is this stern document to be introduced ; not specifically of Oliver's composition, but expressing in every letter of it the conviction of Oliver's heart, in this, one of his most important appearances on the stage of earthly life.

To Colonel Francis Hacker, Colonel Hunclcs, and Lieutenant-Colonel Pliayr, and to every one of them.

At the High Court of Justice for the trying and judging of Charles Stuart, King of England, 29th January, 1648.

"whereas Charles Stuart, King of England, is and standeth convicted, attainted and condemned of high treason and other high crimes; and sentence upon Saturday last was pronounced against him by this court, To be put to death by the severing of his head from his body; of which sentence execution yet remaineth to be done:

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