BLTC Press Titles


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Some Experiences of an Irish R. M.

Edith Somerville and Martin Ross


The Picture of Dorian Gray

Oscar Wilde


The Revolt of the Netherlands

Friedrich Schiller


The Bhagavad Gita

Anonymous


Escalating anti-Semitic violence in Europe

by United States. Congress. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

Excerpt:

I want to thank you and Mr. Cardin in particular for your ongoing support.

And, Senator, I want to welcome you to one of the most important bodies that I believe was ever formed and created within the U.S. Government to promote human rights. We have come so far in the last 27 years, and yet we still have so much ground to continue to cover.

I want to limit my remarks. You all have my full statement. I want to really focus on what this Commission can continue to do and what the governments of the former Soviet Union need to do to address the ongoing problems of anti-Semitism.

As all of you know, NCS J is an umbrella organization representing nearly 50 national Jewish organizations and over 300 Jewish federations and community relations councils. In fact, two of the organizations that belong to NCSJ are represented on today's panel: the American Jewish committee and the ADL.

Mr. Chairman and members, we appreciate the ongoing commitment of the Commission and the dedication of your staff to our issues. Since the last time I testified before the Commission, many positive changes have occurred in the successor states. It is almost ironic to sit here and listen to what's happening in the western part of the European continent.

However, anti-Semitism in the former Soviet Union remains a serious issue. Today, for the most part, official or state-sponsored antiSemitism does not exist. We are dealing with popular or "street" antiSemitism, which is a more complicated issue to resolve.

As I said, rather than cataloging and analyzing incidents or reviewing past successes in our work together, all of which I do in my written statement and in additional submissions, let me address the question of where we go from here. I want you, when you have a chance, to review a sampling of anti-Semitic incidents in the former Soviet Union that I will submit for the record that we have compiled. This is just a sampling.

Also, we have the ADL annual review of anti-Semitism and xenophobia in Russia for submission, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. SMITH. Without objection, your full statement, Mr. Levin, and your selected incidents in the former Soviet Union and the ADL statement will be part of the record.

Mr. LEVIN. Thank you.

The disease of post-Soviet anti-Semitism has now been diagnosed, not only by those of us on this side of the Atlantic, but increasingly by our respective counterparts in the successor states. The remaining problem is how to treat the disease.

As you all know quite well, the underpinnings of anti-Semitism in the former Soviet Union are of limited relationship to the ongoing crisis in Western Europe. However, it is important to note that some in West

ern Europe are using a similar tactic of the Soviet past: trying to espouse anti-Semitic views under the guise of anti-Zionism. It did not work when the Soviet Union existed and it will not work today.

The work of this Commission and several other bodies and processes throughout the U.S. Government continues to be vital in the following areas, and I want to highlight five specific points.

It is important, first, that monitoring, analyzing and publicizing trends in popular anti-Semitism through legislative initiatives, hearings such as this, and contacts with people from the region continue.

Proposing, implementing and evaluating programs to combat antiSemitism and promote tolerance is a second step.

Third, outreach to your counterparts in the OSCE community, particularly in the upcoming meetings, is vital, and it is vital to further sensitize those from the successor states. I know in the next month or so all of you will have opportunities to do just that.

Fourth, through official and informal statements at all levels of the U.S. Government, communicating the message that anti-Semitism, xenophobia, intolerance and all manifestations of this disease are unacceptable.

Fifth, when granting benefits to these countries, whether in trade, military cooperation or cultural exchange, underscore the role that shared values play in advancing our bilateral relations with each of these countries. This is something that this Commission has done for many years and it is more necessary to do it now than ever before.


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