BLTC Press Titles


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Novalis Including Hymns to the Night

Novalis, George MacDonald, Thomas Carlyle


The Secret Doctrine, Volume II Anthropogenesis

H. P. Blavatsky


The Secret Doctrine, Volume I Cosmogenesis

H. P. Blavatsky


The Story of Doctor Dolittle

Hugh Lofting


Guide to the grand cavern within the mountain of Abraham's heights, Matlock Bath

by Unknown

Excerpt:

Darwin's Love» of the Planti. * The Mountain of Abrabam'i Height».

Grand Rutland Cavern,

Abraham's Heights, &c.

»ARON HUMBOLT, in his personal narrative of Travels in South America, mentions a visit to a grand Cueva or Cavern, at the head of the valley of Carripe, but does not notice tbat it contains any Minerals, Fossils, or Crystals, or that its extent bears any comparison with the one discovered and now opened in this Country; but it is remarkable for a new species of Bird which he has named Steatornis. Campbell also, in his Travels in South Africa, relates of a Cave, but stales it to resemble a Cathedral in miniature, and also the habitation of innumerable Bats and Bird« of night, so that perhaps there is no known recess of the earth of equal magnitude, when explored to its utmost limits, with that now exhibited on the Heights of Abraham; and certainly the rich Cave-scenery presented to the pencil of the Artist, and the rare lessons to Students in Science, the nobleness, dignity, and grandeur of the architecture, are subjects wholly unequalled.

Entombed two hundred feet within the earth, in a marble rock, where nature has sported in all her fairest, brightest, and most brilliant attire of Gem«, of Crystals, and of Pearls, here are seen Caves beyond Caves, Cavities and Caverns, of infinit« variety of form, and of altitude of from fifty to two hundred feet; gigantic Pillars, that sustain the very foundation of the Mountain; Gothic, Saxon, and Roman Arches of Colossal size, in some parts having their smooth and beautiful surface covered

with rare and «caree Minerals, imparting an air of calm repose not to be expressed, and in other* assuming a •wild and savage aspect; scenes for the abode of Banditti, or the retreats of wild Animal«, yet all so pleasant of approach, so easy of access, the ways se spacious, dry, and airy, that they are traversed by the most timid Females with the greatest confidence.

From the base of the Mountain, by the new Shrubbery, Cascade, and Fountain, every curve and variation of the Serpentine Walk presents some new view, some rich scene of Rocks, of Woods, and of Waters, that gives a freshness and an elevation to the mind and to the spirits, wholly unknown in flat and more fertile districts.

The innumerable botanical Plants, flourishing in tribes along the pathway, are not less interesting: and amongst these, that rare and fantastic Alpine plant the Orchis, exhibiting in these regions the most correct imitation» of animated nature. Arriving at the Terrace of the Cavern, elevated four hundred feet above the level of the River, a superb panorama of the beauties, and most interesting feature« of Matlock, is before you; on which the eye delights to repose, and the mind to contemplate. From these exterior studies of nature, the Visitor is conducted to Subterranean Scenes, of a character so new and extraordinary, as to chain the attention in a powerful manner, to the operations of mighty agents invisible and unknown, but certain and immutable, in this grand (¡laboratory of nature.

The Archway to the Cavern passes through many,

6

Strata of solid Lime-stone, imbedding marine Shell», Corals, and other Fossil Remains of a former world. Near these remains are branches or veins of calcareous Spar, explaining in a. most interesting manner, the course, the separation, and the re-union of veins of Lead Ore, and the principle features of mining. On the left of the passage are seen reeent Formations of Stalactite, coalingthe Rock and glazing its rugged sides; beyond is a perfect measure of Shale, with vegetable Remains, fresh Water Formations, Shells, &c. giving an Arch to the entrance, and shewing the manner and position of Coal Strata within the earth. Beyond this part nature has decorated the Cavern with Grottos and druses of Fluor, and calcareous Spar, m crystals of Dog Tooth, in crystals of Lions and of Elephants' Teeth, in regard to magnitude. On every side Calaminaris and the various combinations of Zinc, Silver, Copper, Lead Ore, Barytes, Pyrites, and other Minerals in their native beds. But, superior to all the other in splendor, that scarce and :nteresting Gem, the carbonate of Zinc, coloured by Copper, of a brilliant green, beautiful as an emerald and as rare. See Sowerby's Mineralogy of Britain, and his account (with a plate) of the extraordinary specimen, procured from this Cavern, and which no where else can be found.


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