BLTC Press Titles

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Further Adventures of an Irish R. M.

Edith Somerville and Martin Ross

The Pictorial Key to the Tarot

Arthur Edward Waite

The Worm Ouroboros

E. R. Eddison

Tao Te Ching

Lao Tzu, James Legge (trans.)

High school course in Latin composition

by Charles McCoy Baker


Unus quisque nostrum (I Cat I, 2), each one of us.

54. Quisque is frequently used with the superlative and is somewhat idiomatic in that use.

Optimus quisque maxime gloria ducitur (A. XI, 26), all good men are greatly influenced by glory; or, more idiomatically, the better a man is, the more he is influenced by glory.

55. Quisque = each (of several), uterque = each (of two), both.

56. Note the following idiomatic uses of alius and alter:

alius . . . alius, one . . . another alii. . . alii, some . . . others

alter } ' ' . alter, the one ' ' ' the other (ot two) alius . . . aliud, one, one thing . . . another, another alii . . . aliam in partem, some in one direction, others in another Duae filiae harum (erant); alt era occisa, alter a capta est (B. G. I,

53), there were two daughters of these women; one was killed, the other captured.


Nominative Case

57. The nominative case is used only as the subject of a finite verb, in apposition with the subject, or as a predicate noun.

58. The nominative is used of the predicate noun after some verbs, especially sum and passive verbs of naming, choosing, etc. Cf. 67—69.

sum, be fid, become, be made appellor, be called

videor, seem creor, be elected nominor, be called

dicor, be said habeor, be considered maneo, remain

deligor, be chosen

Cicero consul creatus est, Cicero was elected consul.

Vocative Case

59. The vocative case is used only in addressing a person by name or title. It usually follows one or more words of the sentence.

Quo usque tandem abutere, Catillna, patientia nostra (I Cat. I, 1), how long, pray, ( 0) Catiline, will you abuse our patience?

a. The vocative of meus, mea, meum is ml, mea, meum.

Accusative Case

60. Direct Object. — Many verbs which in English appear intransitive and require a preposition, are transitive in Latin and take a direct object in the accusative. Some of the commonest are:

doleo, grieve {for or at) horreo, horresco, shudder (at)

lugeo, mourn (for) rideo, laugh (at)

maereo, mourn (for) mlror, wonder (at)

spero, hope (for) despero,i despair (of)

queror, complain (of)

Ariovisti crudelitatem horrent (B. G. I, 32), they shudder at the cruelty of Ariovistus.

Honores desperant (II Cat. IX, 19), they despair of the honors.

61. Also such verbs as par5, prepare (for); quaero, search (for) = seek; exspecto, wait (for); etc.

Helium parare, to prepare (for) war.

i Despero sometimes takes de + ablative.

62. With Compound Verbs. — Many verbs compounded with circum, trans, per, praeter, and some with ad, in, and sub, take the accusative.

Flumen transire, to cross the river.

Qui circumstant sei tat u in (I Cat. VIII, 21), who surround the senate.

63. If the simple verb is transitive two accusatives may be found.

Exercitum (trans) flumen traducere, to lead the army across the river.

Note. The preposition may be repeated. Cf. preceding example.

64. Cognate Accusative. — An intransitive verb sometimes takes the accusative of a noun which has the same general meaning as the verb. This is called the Cognate Accusative and is usually modified by an adjective.

Bonam vltam vwere, to live a good life.

Malum so in ii in Hi, somniare, to dream a bad dream.

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