BLTC Press Titles

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The Fairy Tale of the Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Thomas Carlyle, Rudolf Steiner

The Art of Worldly Wisdom

Baltasar Gracian

Vanity Fair

William Thackery

Further Adventures of an Irish R. M.

Edith Somerville and Martin Ross

Historical record of the city of Savannah

by F. D. Lee



- I walk these ancient hannts with reverent tread,
And seem to gaze upon the might/ dead;
Imagination calls a noble train
From diint and darkness back to life again."

One hundred and thirty-five years ago a small tribe of indii»n» occupied the bluff upon which the city of Savannah now stands. Then the indian's canoe, only, ruffled the placid waters of th« Savannah; now steam and sail vessels from every clime, attracted by the fruits of Savannah's commerce, plough its bosom, coming and going, with keels deeply sunk in the water. Then the smoke curled lazily upward from a few wigwams; now fiery furnaces belch forth volumes of ruddy flame, and on every hand is heard the din of hammers and bellows, the voices of men echoing from the manufactories, wharves, and places of business, where a numerous population are plying the tireless fingers of industry in the creation of substantial wealth. Then the woods resounded with the savage warwhoop; now the no less discordant, but more civilized, steam-whistle is heard as the heavily-laden trains pass to and fro on the iron arms which have been stretched in every direction, clasping in their embrace some of the choicest region* of the country. On every hand are elegant and luxurious mansions, gardens teeming with flowers of richest and rarest hue; churches and humane institutions; colleges and schools; squares and park thronged with mature and youthful beauty, making the, balmy atmosphere vocal with sounds of human life and joy—all attesting wealth, refinement, piety, benevolence, intelligence, health, and happiness.


Origin of the Settlement of .Savannah — Departure of the Colonials — Their Arrival at Charleston — Oglethorpe's Visit to Yamacraw — Arrival of the Colonists on the Bluff — Friendly Overtures of the Indians — Oglethorpe's Description of Savannah — Kindness of South Carolinians — Treaty with the Indians — Arrival of the First Ship — Laying Out of the Town, and Naming of the Streets, Squares, Wards, and Tithings — Arrival of Hebrew Settlers — Alligators become Troublesome — Arrival of the Salzburgcrs — Oglethorpe Goes to England — Appearance of Savannah in 1734 — A Judge Acts In a Three fold Capacity — Wine and Silk Culture — Discontent ment — Arrival of Revs. John and diaries Wesley.

About the year 1720, the sufferings of the poor people of England, especially the debtors, who, by the laws of the country which gave to the creditor complete control over them, were thrown into prison, there to remain in rags and misery the rest of their days, enlisted the sympathy of a number of influential men of London, who visited the debtors' prisons and adopted measures for their relief. But owing to the existing laws very little good was accomplished, and they sought other means of relief.

These gentlemen, John Lord Viscount Percival, Edward Digby, George Carpenter, James Oglethorpe, George Heathcote, John Larocbe, James Vernon, William Beletha, Stephen Hales, Thomas Tower, Robert More, Robert Hucks, Roger Holland, William Sloper, Francis Eyles, John Burton, Richard Bandy, Arthur Bradford, Samuel Smith, Adam Anderson, and Thomas Coram, petitioned the Throne to grant them a charter for a separate and distinct province from Carolina, between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers, to which they designed sending a number of poor people who had neither lands nor other means of supporting themselves and families.

On the ninth of June, 1732, his Majesty King George the Second granted the charter, in his letters-patent, reciting, among other things, "that many ot his poor subjects were, through misfortunes and want of employment, reduced to great necessities, and would be glad to be settled in any of his Majesty's provinces in America, where, by cultivating the waste and desolate lands, they might not only gain a comfortable subsistence, but also strengthen his Majesty's colonies and increase the trade, navigation, and wealth of his Majesty*8 realms; and that the province of North America hail been frequently ravaged by indian enemies, more especially that of South Carolina, whose southern frontier continued unsettled and lay open to the neighboring savages; and to relieve the wants of said poor people, and to protect his Majesty's subjects in South Carolina, a regular colony of the said poor people should be settled and established on the southern frontiers of Carolina."

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