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The Story of Doctor Dolittle

Hugh Lofting

Leaves of Grass

Walt Whitman

Shakti and Shakta

John Woodroffe

Mortal Coils

Aldous Huxley

History of the Christian Church: From Constantine the Great to Gregory the Great, A.D. 311-600

by Philip Schaff


L CHRISTIAN SOURCES: (a) The Acts Of Councils; in the Collection conciliorum of Hardouin, Par. 1715 sqq. 12 vols. fol.; Mami, Flor. et Yen. 1759 sqq. 81 vols, fol.; Fuehs: Bibliothek der Kirchenversammlungen des 4ten und 5ten Jahrh. Leipz. 1780 sqq.; and Brum: Biblioth. eccL voL i. Canones Apost. et Cone. saec. iv.-viL Berol. 1839.

(b) The Imperial Laws And Decrees referring to the church, in the Codex Theodosianns, collected A.d. 438, the Codex Justinioneus, collected in 529, and the Cod. repetitae praelectionis of 534.

(c) The Official Letters of popes (in the Bullarium Romanum),

patriarchs, and bishops.

(d) The writings of all the Churoii Fathers from the beginning of the 4th century to the end of the 6th. Especially of Eusebius, Athanasius, Basil, the two Greoories, the two Cyrils, Chrysostom, and TheoDoret, of the Greek church; and Ambrose, Augustine, Jerome, and Leo the Great, of the Latin. Comp. the Benedictine editions of the several Fathers; the Maxima Bibliotheca veterum Patrum, Lngd. 1677 sqq. (in all 27 voh. fol.), vols, iii.-xi.; Gallandi: Biblioth. vet. Patrum, etc. Ven. 1765 sqq. (14 vols, fol.), vols, iv.-xii.

fa) Contemporary Churoii Historians, (1) of the GreeJc church: Eusebius of Caesarea (t about 340): the ninth and tenth books of his H. E. down to 324, and his biography of Constantino the Great, seo § 2 infra; Socrates Scholasticcs of Constantinople: Histor. ecclesiast. libri vii, A.d. 306-439; Hermias Sozomen of Constantinople: H. eccl. 1. ix, A.d. 323-423; Theodoeet, bishop of Cyros in Mesopotamia: H. eccl. 1. v, A.d. 325-429; the Arian Philostorgius: H. eccl. 1. xii, A.d. 318-425, extant only in extracts in Photius cod. 40; TnKODOBUs Lector, of Constantinople, epitomizer of Socrates, SozoVol. Ii.—1

men, and Theodoret, continuing tho latter down to 518, preserved in fragments by Nicephorus Callistus; Evageicb of Antioch: H. eccl. 1. vi, A.d. 431-594; Nicephorus Callistus (or Nieeph. Callisti), about 1330, author of a church history in 23 books, to A.d. 911 (ed. Fronto Ducaeus, Par. 1630). The historical works of these Greek writers, excepting the last, are also published together under the title: Historiae ecclesiasticae Scriptores, etc., Graec. et Lat., with notes by //. Valesim (and G. Reading), Par. 1659-1673; and Cantabr. 1720, 3 vols. fol. (2) Of the Latin, church historians few are important: Rufincs, presb. of Aquileia (t410), translated Eusebius and continued him in two more books to 395; Suxpicius Severus, presb. in Gaul: Hist, sacra, 1. ii, from the creation to A.d. 400; Patjlus Okosius, presbyter in Spain: Historiarum libri vii. written about 416, extending from the creation to his own time; Cas6iodorus, about 550: Hist, tripartita, 1. xii. a mere extract from the works of the Greek church historians, but, with the work of Rufinus, the chief source of historical knowledge through the whole middle age; and Jerome (t 419): Do viris illustribus, or Catalogus scriptornm eccles., written about 392, continued under tho same title by Gexnadics, about 495, and by Isidor of Seville, about 630.

(f) For chronology, the Greek nao-^dXioc, or Chboxioon Paschale (wrongly called Alexandrinum), primarily a table of the passovers from the beginning of the world to A. D. 354 under Constantius, with later additions down to 628. (Ed. Oar. du Fresne Dom. du Cange. Par. 1688, and L. Dindorf, Bonn. 1832, 2 vols.) The Chronicle of EnsEBius and Jerome (Xpomea o-uyypd/i/iara, jrai/ToJajrq iaropi'a), containing an outline of universal history down to 325, mainly after the chronography of Julius Africanus, and an extract from tho universal chronicle in tabular form down to 379, long extant only in tho free Latin translation and continuation of Jerome (ed. Jos. Scaliger. Lugd. Batav. 1606 and later), since 1792 known also in an Armenian translation (ed. J. Bapt. Aucher. Yen. 1818, and Ang. Mai, Script, vet. nov. coll. 1833. Tom. viii). In continuation of the Latin chronicle of Jerome, the chronicle of Prosper of Aquitania, down to 455; that of the Spanish bishop Idatiub, to 469; and that of Marcellinus Comes, to 534. Comp. Chronica medii aevi post Euseb. atque Hieron., etc. ed. Roesler, Tub. 1798.

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