BLTC Press Titles

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Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Lewis Carroll

Some Experiences of an Irish R. M.

Edith Somerville and Martin Ross

Esoteric Buddhism

A. P. Sinnett

Novalis Including Hymns to the Night

Novalis, George MacDonald, Thomas Carlyle

History of the revolution in Texas, particularly of the war of 1835 & '36

by Chester Newell


The leading object of the Mexican Government in allowing the Colonization of Texas, was undoubtedly the protection of her frontiers from the hostile incursions of the Indians. The Camanches and other tribes had waged a constant and ruinous warfare against the Spanish settlements at Bexar and Goliad, on the Westem limits of Texas, and had extended their ravages also beyond the Rio Grande. Mexico, even under the government of Old Spain, had been unable to subdue or restrain them, and she would have had to abandon Texas altogether, if not other parts of her territory, had she not found a hardy people, willing, for the sake of a small portion of her soil, to go in and subdue them.

Another object which Mexico had in view, in opening Texas to Colonization, was evidently the increase of her national wealth and strength by the settlement of a rich portion of her territory by industrious and enterprising foreigners, which she knew could never be subdued and settled by her own people.

In addition to this, Mexico was probably stimulated somewhat by the example of the liberal and successful plan adopted by the United States of the North, in respect to the emigration of foreigners into her territory, as she had previously been, by the successful revolu. tion of those States, excited to throw off the Spanish yoke.

The conditions of the grant of the Colonization of Texas were, on the part of Mexico, that the families introduced should be limited in number—at first to 300; that they should be families from Louisiana, and Catholics, being hence of Spanish and French desoent; that they should build churches, support schools and the Catholic religion, and particularly have their children taught the Spanish language. These conditions are especially worthy of notice, as affording evidence that the Government of Mexico contemplated the ultimate amalgamation of her foreign emigrants with her own people, and thus securing the integrity of her territory and dominion.

The rights of the Colonists consisted in security of person and property, guaranteed to them by the Imperial Colonization Law of 1823, by the Federal Law and Constitution of 1824, and also, subsequently, by the laws and Constitution of the State of Coahuila and Texas.

An important part of the property of the Colonists consisted in the slaves which they were permitted to introduce into Texas previous to the year 1827. By the Imperial Colonization Law of 1823, all traffic in slaves was prohibited; and by the same law it was made necessary for the Colonists to liberate their slaves born in Texas at fourteen years of age; but the introduction of slaves into Texas was not prohibited until 1827.

By the law of 1823, the Colonists were privileged to introduce, at the time of their emigration to the country, instruments of husbandry, machinery, and other utensils, free, as also merchandise—in case of the emigration of a family—to the amount of two thousand dollars.

By the Federal Law of 1824, it was provided, that, until the expiration of four years after the passage of the law, no tax whatever should be imposed upon foreigners emigrating to Texas. By subsequent laws,

i especially of Coahuila and Texas, this privilege of foreign emigrants was confirmed and extended.

The great encouragement to foreigners to emigrate to Texas; was the liberal bounty of land proffered them by the Government of Mexico. Land was given in quantities varying with the occupation and the wants of emigrants, on a scale of liberality undoubtedly not equalled in the Colonization of any other country.

Besides this, the Government guaranteed to foreigners a continuation of the privilege of emigrating to Texas until the year 1840, unless "imperious circumstances" should require its prohibition "with respect to the individuals of a particular nation."

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