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Shakti and Shakta

John Woodroffe

The Fairy Tale of the Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Thomas Carlyle, Rudolf Steiner

Vanity Fair

William Thackery

The Revolt of the Netherlands

Friedrich Schiller

History of the town of Ledyard, 1650-1900

by John Avery


The first resident preacher, of whom we have any definite knowledge, was

Rev. Samuel Seabury,

a Licentiate, who became later an Episcopalian before he was ordained; entered the Episcopalian ministry, and was, for many years, rector of St. James's Church, New London. He was a son of John Seabury, deacon of the Congregational Church in Groton, and was educated at Yale College and Harvard University, and graduated from the last-named institution in 1724. While supplying at North Groton he occupied a house standing on the lane that leads westward from the Bill parsonage. In this house was born his oldest son, Samuel Seabury, Jr., who became the first Episcopal Bishop in America. A more extended sketch of him is given further along in this volume.

The first ordained pastor of the Church was

Rev. Ebenezer Punderson.

He was a native of New Haven, and a graduate of Yale College, in the class of 1726. On the 25th of Dec., 1729, he was ordained pastor of this Church, being at the time only 21 years of age. His pastorate continued less than five years, being terminated by council, Feb. 5, 1734. While ministering to this people he lived in a house which stood off north-west from the Church, on the opposite side of the road from the house of Mr. George H. O'Brien. The early termination of his ministry in this Church was owing to the fact of his going over to Episcopacy. On the first of January, previous to his dismission, he made a communication to the Society, avowing himself a conformist to the Episcopal Church of England. This communication, it is said, "was received with amazement and sorrow, and a committee chosen, consisting <of Robert Geer, Christopher Avery and Benadam Gallup, to reason with him, and see if he might not be persuaded that his ordination was good and that he might return to his people again." But notwithstanding all that was done by the committee and others, Mr. Punderson persisted in his course. After his dismission he went to England and received Episcopal ordination. Returning to this country he served for a good many years as an itinerant missionary of an organization in England known as "The Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts," giving his time largely to North Groton during the earlier portion of the period, but, at later dates, travelling all over the State and into neighboring States, and preaching in a great many different places. About 1752 or 1753 he petitioned the Society that he might become their settled missionary in New Haven; and his petition was granted. At a later date he labored in Rye, N. Y., where he died in the year 1771, aged 63.

The second pastor of the Church was

Rev. Andrew Croswell.

He was a native of Charlestown, Mass., and was graduated at Harvard College in 1728. He was ordained here, Oct. 14, 1736. "The settlement offered him was two hundred pounds per annum for the first two years, and one hundred and ten pounds afterward." He was to be paid "in bills of public credit of this and the neighboring Governments"—a kind of paper currency, then in use, which was already depreciated, and which continued to depreciate. The Society stipulated that "in case he should withdraw from the established religion of this government to any other persuasion he should return two hundred pounds to the Society." Like Mr. Owen, of Groton, and Mr. Parsons, of Lyme, Mr. Croswell was in sympathy with Edwards and Whitefield, and even with the erratic Davenport in the New Light movement or the Great Awakening. And in the interest of this movement he is said to have preached a good deal in other parishes besides his own. Though regularly ordained by council as pastor of this Church, he was dismissed without the intervention of a council—he himself giving the Society notice of his intention to leave them—they voting not to oppose him in the matter though disapproving of his course—he then giving in his formal resignation; and the Society, some two years later, voting that he was dismissed. This last named vote was passed in April, 1748. While living here he occupied the house that stands on the top of the hill out east of the Church. On Oct. 5,

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