BLTC Press Titles

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Tao Te Ching

Lao Tzu, James Legge (trans.)

Darby O'Gill and the Little People

Hermenie Templeton Kavanagh

The Story of Doctor Dolittle

Hugh Lofting

Novalis Including Hymns to the Night

Novalis, George MacDonald, Thomas Carlyle

No. 10, Downing street, Whitehall

by Charles Eyre Pascoe


List of Illustrations.


No. 10, Downing Street, Whitehall . Frontispiece.


The Garden of No. 10 ...... 67

The Cabinet-room (1907) ....... 87

The Reception-room ........ 109

The State Dining-room ....... 146

The Treasury Board-room (Office of the Chancellor of the

Exchequer) ......... 166

House of Commons . . . . . . . . 186

House of Lords ......... 287



Wolsey's Treasury ........ 42

" King Henry's Head" Tavern, Downing Street ... 52

The " Axe and Gate" Tavern, Downing Street ... 62

Whitehall Entrance to the Cockpit Passage .... 70


Section of Ordnance Survey Map: Sites of Cockpit,

Tilt-yard, Tennis Court, etc. ..... 76

Plan drawn by W. L. Spiers, Esq., A.r.i.b.a. ... 84

Plan of Downing Street, 1749 ...... 112

Plan of Downing Street, 1799 .....
No. 10. From a Plan by Sir Christopher Wren, 1677
No. 10. From a Plan by Sir John Soane, 1825 .


Sir George Downing, 3rd Baronet

Richard Weston, Earl of Portland, K.G.

Thomas, 1st Lord Clifford of Chudleigh

Thomas Osborne (Earl of Danby), 1st Duke of Leeds,

Sydney Godolphin, Earl of Godolphin

Henry Booth (Baron Delamere), 1st Earl of Warrington

Sir John Lowther, Bart., 1st Viscount Lonsdale

Sir Robert Walpole, K.G

Spencer Compton, Lord Wilmington

Henry Pelham .......

Thomas Pelham Holies, 1st Duke of Newcastle

William Pitt, Earl of Chatham ....

The Marquis of Bute, K.G

George Grenville ......

The Marquis of Rockingham, K.G.

The 3rd Duke of Grafton, K.G.

Frederick, Lord North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, K.G

The Earl of Shelburne, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne

William Pitt

Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth

William Wyndham, Lord Grenville

The Duke of Portland, K.G.

Spencer Perceval .....

PAGE 114





10 18 26

















158 172 178


Robert Banks Jenkinson (Lord Hawkesbury),
Liverpool .....

George Canning .....

Lord Goderich .....

192 198 204


WHEN a writer has finished his work and sent all to the press, there is generally in a book of this kind one page yet lacking ; that page in which it becomes his grateful duty to acknowledge his obligations to those who have rendered him help.

In every case, in the present instance, that acknowledgment has to be made to strangers.

To Mr. Henry Higgs, Private Secretary of the Prime Minister. If this book be entitled to any merit, I shall be most indebted to him for the reward. It was his interest in the history of No. 10, Downing Street, which led to the compiling of this record.

To Mr. Walter L. Spiers, A.R.I.B.A., Curator of the Soane Museum, for ever-ready technical aid ; to Mr. E. Gardner, of Park House, South Hampstead, for access to his well-known and matchless collection of engravings of old London ; to Mr. Percy G. Sedgwick, of the London County Council's service, for personal assistance in drafting the plans ; to Mr. Emery Walker, of 16, Clifford's Inn, for the right to reproduce the several copies of portraits of past Prime Ministers, by him taken from those in the National Portrait Gallery.

My thanks further are due to Mrs. Drew, of Hawarden Rectory ; to Lord Welby, G.C.B., for permission to reproduce the engravings made from those Portraits which hang in the Reception Room of No. 10, and which he presented to the Treasury ; to F. S. Parry, Esq., C.B., sometime Private Secretary to the Right Honourable A. J. Balfour, when Prime Minister, whose collected notes were of great assistance ; and last, not least, to the Rev. J. C. Saunders, M.A., Senior Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge, Rector of Hatley St. George, Sandy, to whose hospitality, in Sir George Downing's country, I am much beholden.

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