BLTC Press Titles

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Through the Looking Glass

Lewis Carroll

Theory of Colours

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The Secret Doctrine, Volume II Anthropogenesis

H. P. Blavatsky

Shakti and Shakta

John Woodroffe

History of the conquest of Peru

by William Hickling Prescott


The first care of the Spanish general, after the division of the booty, was to place Manco on the throne, and to obtain for him the recognition of his countrymen. He, accordingly, presented the young prince to them as their future sovereign, the legitimate son of Huayna Capac, and the true heir of the Peruvian sceptre. The annunciation was received with enthusiasm by the people, attached to the memory of his illustrious father, and pleased that they were still to have a monarch rule over them of the ancient line of Cuzco.

Every thing was done to maintain the illusion with the Indian population. The ceremonies of a coionation wore studiously observed. The young prince kept tlie prescribed fasts and vigils; and on the appointed day, the nobles and the people, with the whole Spanish soldiery, assembled in the great square of Cuzco to witness the concluding ceremony. Mass was publicly performed by Father Valvcrde, and the Inca Manco received the fringed diadem of Peru, not from the hand of the highpriest of his nation, but from his Conqueror, Pizarro. The Indian lords then tendered their obeisance in the customary form; after which the royal notary read aJoud the instrument asserting the supremacy of the Castilian Crown, and requiring the homage of all present to its authority. This address was explained by an interpreter, and the ceremony of homage was performed by each oue of the parties waving the royal banner of Castile twice or thrice with his hands. Manco then pledged the Spanish commander in a golden goblet of the sparkling chiclut; and, the latter having cordially embraced the new monarch, the trumpets announced the conclusion of the ceremony.i But it was not the note of \ triumph, but of humiliation; for it proclaimed that the armed foot of the stranger was in the halls of the Peruvian Incas; that the ceremony of coronation was a miserable pageant; that their prince himself was but a puppet in the hands of his Conqueror; and that the glory of the Children of the Sun had departed for ever!

i Pedro Pizarro, Descub. y Conq., MS.—Pcd. Sancho, Re]., am Riimuiio, torn. 111. fol. 407.

Yet the people readily gave in to the illusion, and seemed willing to accept this image of their ancient independence. The accession of the young monarch was greeted by all the usual fetes and rejoicings. The mummies of his royal ancestors, with such ornaments as were still left to them, were paraded in the great square. They were attended each by his own numerous retinue, who performed all the menial offices, as if the object of them were alive and could feel their import. Each ghostly form took its seat at the banquet-table — now, alas' stripped of the magnificent service with which it was wont to blaze at these high festivals — and the guests drank deep to the illustrious dead. Dancing \ succeeded the carousal, and the festivities, prolonged to a late hour, were continued night after night by the giddy population, as if their conquerors had not been intrenched in the capital!2— What a contrast to the Aztees in the conquest of Mexico!

Pizarro's next concern was to organize a munici- i pal government for Cuzco, like those in the cities of the parent country. Two alcaldes were appointed, and eight regidores, among which last functionaries were his brothers Gonzalo and Juan, The oaths of office were administered with great

- Pedro Pizarro, Descub. y todos por orden los saeaban do alii

Conq., MS y los truhian a la ciudad, leniendo

"Luepo por la mañana iba al cada uno su lilcra, y liombres con

enterramiento dondo estaban cada su librca, que le trujescn, y ansi

uno por orden embalsamados como desta mancra todo el servicio y

es dicho, y ascntados en sus sillas, aderezos como si estnbiera vivo."

7 con mucha veneracion y respeto, Relation del Primnr. Descub , MS,

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